Kati Markowitz.

Cleveland Clinic: “Lung Resection.”

Johns Hopkins Medication: “What’s a lobectomy?”

Federal Register: “Modifications To Labeling of Nicotine Alternative Remedy Merchandise for Over-the-Counter Human Use.”

Monica Hanna, assistant director, Nicotine and Tobacco Restoration Program, RWJBarnabas Well being Institute for Prevention and Restoration, Eatontown, NJ.

Insider: “The wild historical past of vaping, from a 1927 ‘electrical vaporizer’ to at present’s mysterious lung damage disaster.”

Nationwide Library of Medication: “E-Cigarette Use Amongst Youth and Younger Adults: A Report of the Surgeon Common.”

Progressive Coverage Institute: “The Impression of Digital Cigarettes on Cigarette Smoking By Individuals and Its Well being and Financial Implications.”

Cochrane Library: “Digital cigarettes for smoking cessation.”

The New England Journal of Medication: “A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Alternative Remedy.”

Peter Shields, MD, professor, Division of Inside Medication, Ohio State College Faculty of Medication, Columbus. 

The Lancet: “Digital cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised managed trial,” “Nicotine patches utilized in mixture with e-cigarettes (with and with out nicotine) for smoking cessation: a realistic, randomised trial.”

Thomas Eissenberg, PhD, co-director, Heart for the Research of Tobacco Merchandise, Virginia Commonwealth College, Richmond.

Michael Joseph Blaha, MD, director of scientific analysis, Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Heart for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Illness, Baltimore.

Thorax: “Evaluation of formal tobacco therapy and smoking cessation in twin customers of cigarettes and e-cigarettes.”

JAMA Community Open: “Demographic Traits, Cigarette Smoking, and e-Cigarette Use Amongst US Adults.”

Kenneth Warner, PhD, dean emeritus, College of Michigan Faculty of Public Well being, Ann Arbor.

American Journal of Preventive Medication: “Relative Hurt Perceptions of E-Cigarettes Versus Cigarettes, U.S. Adults, 2018–2020.”


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